German Offices Abroad
Offices abroad are sometimes dealt with on the detail page of the country where the office is located, sometimes on the page of the country operating the office and sometimes on a separate page such as this. The decision is a pragmatic one, largely based on the number of offices involved.
German Offices in Turkey
|1884 Sc1 SG1 FICC#216|
Germany opened a postal agency in Constantinople in March 1870, followed by offices in Jaffa, Beirut, Jerusalem and Smyrna. At first these used unaltered German stamps, identifiable only by cancellation, and these are prefixed "Z" in Gibbons . From 1884, surcharged German stamps were used. The first set comprised values from 10 paras to 2½ piasters, numbered Sc1-6, SG1-8. Sc1-3 are shown.
|1898 Sc1a SG7a||1898 Sc6a SG6|
German stamps of 1889-90 overprinted in black. There are two versions of the overprint and a full table is needed to capture the catalogue differences.
|December 1898 Stamps of Germany overprinted at 56°|
|3 pfennigs dark brown||1||7|
|3pf yellow brown||1a||7a|
|3pf reddish ochre||1b||7b|
|March-June 1898 Stamps of Germany overprinted at 48°|
|3pf yellow brown||1c||1|
|3pf reddish ochre||1d|
As an additional complication, Germany opened an office in
Kiauchau using the German stamps overprinted for China with an additions surcharge overprint.. The Scott listing is far more complicated than Gibbons, taking the underlying different angles of overprint with five different versions of the 5 pfennig (5 Pfg or 5 Pf) surcharge.
All the 1900 issues (Sc1-9 with many variants) are 5pf surcharges on the 10pf China overprint. A representative example is shown. Some of the variants are very expensive and that would encourage forgeries: the Sc5 stamp shown catalogues for more than $2,000 (2009) and was selling on ebay with an authentification certificate from Ronald F. Steuer.