24th February 1862
Perf 11½ x 12, no watermark, typographed, head embossed.
Printed by F. Matraire, Turin
|10 centisimi bister||24th Feb 1862||17||1||9||1||YT bistre|
|10c yellow-brown||17a||1d||9b||2||SG yellow bistre; Mi gelbbraun; YT bistre-jaune|
|10c brown||17b||1b||9a||2a||SG bistre-brown; Mi braun; YT brun|
|10c dark olive brown||17c|
|10c dark brown||17d||1a||SG deep bistre|
|10c olive bister||17e||1c||SG olive-bistre|
|10c reddish orange||17f|
|20c dark blue||1st Mar 1862||18|
|20c blue||18a||2c||10||3||SG blue; Mi blau; YT bleu|
|20c pale blue||18b|
|20c pale milky blue||18c||2a||SG indigo|
|20c gray blue||18d||2b||SG violet blue|
|20c deep dark blue||18e|
|40c red||10th Apr 1862||20||3a||11||4||SG rose-red; Mi karmin; YT rouge|
|40c pale rose||20a||3c||SG rose|
|40c bright carmine red||20b||3b||SG deep red|
|80c orange||3rd Oct 1862||21||4a||12||5||SG orange-yellow; Mi gelb; YT jaune-rouge|
|80c bright yellow||21a||4c||SG yellow|
|80c dark yellow||21b|
|80c olive yellow||21c|
The colours named are from Scott: matching the colour descriptions from Gibbons is normally pretty straightforward but in this case is largely guesswork. There is no SG4b.
Italy’s 24th February 1862 #1 had a rather complicated gestation. The Italian states were united by 1860 under Sardinia’s King Victor Emmanuel II but national stamps were not issued for two years. During that period the states’ stamps were still used, gradually replaced by the stamps of Sardinia and then the 1862 national stamps that were the Sardinian issues with perforations.
Changes of Administration
Italian Social Republic
Allied Military Government
|1944 Sc1 SG57||1943 Sc1N1 SG583||1946 Sc478 SG678|
Following Italy’s surrender in 1943, Mussolini established the Italian Social Republic, which used Italian overprints. Allied Military Government stamps were issued in 1943 and the Republic was established in 1946.
World's First Airmail
World's First Parcel Post stamp
World's First Pneumatic Post
World's First Stereoscopic stamps
|1917 SG102 Sc-C1
|1884 Sc-Q1 SG-P38||1913 Sc-D1 SG-PE96||1956 Sc718-19 SG940-41|
Italy has the distinction of the first ever airmail, a 1917 overprint.
They also brought to the world parcel post (1884), pneumatic post (1913, five cities linked by pneumatic tubes) and stereoscopic stamps (1956, special glasses required).