1st October 1877
† Images from the Journal articles.
|Type I 1877, perf 12½|
|1 penny sky blue||1c||1||1|
|6d bright violet||4b||3||3|
|6d pale lilac||4c||3a|
|Type II 1878-79, perf 12½|
|1d sky blue||1b||4|
|1 shilling orange-yellow||6||7, 7a|
|1/- dull yellow||6a||5|
|1/- lemon yellow||6b||7c|
|1/- golden yellow, 1879, perf 11¾||6c||7b|
|5/- grey-green||8b||9, 9a|
|Type III 1879, perf 12½|
|1d sky blue||1a||10|
|2/- deep brown||7||13||6|
|5/- emerald green||8||14||7|
|5/- "line above X not repaired"||8c||14a|
|Type III 1879-82, perf 11¾|
|1d deep blue||1e||15a|
|3d scarlet vermilion clean-cut perfs||3a||16a|
|3d vermilion rough perfs||3d||16|
|6d dull lilac||4c||17a|
|6d bright violet||4d||17|
|2/- deep brown||7d||18|
|5/- yellow green||8a||19|
|5/- deep green||8d||19a|
|5/- "line above X not repaired"||8e||19b|
|Type IV 1880-82, perf 11¾|
|2d lilac-rose (1882)||2|
|9d pale chestnut||5||4|
|9d pale orange-brown||5a||20|
† There are detailed articles on the early Samoa issues by Tim Balm (FICC #91) in FICC Journals v16n4 and n17n2. In summary there are four main variants of the first issues:
|Scott  - Line above “X” is usually unbroken. Dots over “SAMOA” are uniform and evenly spaced. Upper right serif of “M” is horizontal.
Gibbons  - White line above “X” in “EXPRESS” not broken.
|Scott - Line above “X” is usually broken. Small dot near upper right serif of “M.”
Gibbons - White line above “X” broken by a spot of colour and dot between top “M” and “O” of “SAMOA”.
12½ or 11¾
| Scott - Line above “X” roughly retouched. Upper right serif of “M” bends down 3 (joined to dot).
Gibbons - Line above “X” repaired, dot merges with upper right serif of “M”.
|Scott - Speck of color on curved line below center of “M.”
Gibbons - Spot of colour under middle stroke of “M”
Yvert & Tellier  does not bother with the fine distinctions
Samoa is an archipelago of islands in the south Pacific. The first postal service, using the "EXPRESS" stamps, was organised by C.L. Griffiths, who had previously run the Fiji Times Express post, the main purpose being delivery of newspapers.
|1900 Sc51 SG-G1||1914 Sc101 SG101||1935 Sc166 SG180||1962 Sc223 SG239|
Interesting changes of administration occurred: in the 1890s, the US, GB and Germany all had a presence. The three powers encouraged rivalries within the local population, resulting in two civil wars, eventually resolved in the 1899 Tripartite Convention. GB withdrew, leaving ‘American Samoa’ in the west and the much larger ‘German Samoa’. Stamps were issued for the German area in 1900. During WW1, New Zealand troops occupied that area and NZ were given the mandate in 1920 by the League of Nations. In 1935, stamps were rebranded ‘Western Samoa’. Independence was granted in 1962.