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first issues > countries > french congo, middle congo, republic

French Congo

and Middle (Moyen) Congo

24th March 1891

- Middle Congo - Independence

Belgian Congo (1886) became ↓
French Congo (1891) became ↓
Portuguese Congo (1894) was part of ↓
Congo Republic (1960) became ↓
Middle Congo (1904) became ↓
Angola (1870) which became ↓
Zaire (1971)

French Colony 15, 15a

  text xxx

perf 14x13½, no wmk

Description Surcharge Scott SG Mi Y&T  
Stamps of French Colonies surcharged in black or red
5 centimes on 1c black / azure red 1 1      
5c on 1c black / azure black 2 2      
5c on 15c blue black 3 3      
5c on 25c black / rose black 5 4      

There is no Sc4.

Combining the narratives from Scott [1] and Gibbons [2], by 1888, French Congo included the Chad and Ubangi-Shari territories and in December of that year, Gabon was added to create the colony of Gabon-Congo, renamed Congo Française in 1891 in time for the first stamp issue. Stamp World History has a useful flowchart of the various joinings and separations that followed.

Middle Congo
1907 Sc1 SG1

In December 1903, it was announced that from July 1904, French Congo would be divided into Middle (Moyen) Congo, Gabon, Ubango-Shari and Chad. Germany took some of the territory in exchange for giving up its interest in Morocco.

In 1910, Middle Congo rejoined the others to form French Equatorial Africa, but continued to issue its own stamps until 1937.

Republic of Congo

28th November 1959

Africa 15
1959 Sc89 SG1

Middle Congo became an autonomous state of the French Union as Congo Republic in November 1958 and an independent state in August 1960. It was also known as the People's Republic of Congo and its stamps were inscribed Republique Populaire du Congo and between 1970 and 1991.

Not that in addition to the (People's) Republic of Congo, there is also the Congo Democratic Republic, previously Belgian Congo.